Parent Material Index

List of parent materials featured in the UBC monolith collection

Identification of soil parent materials is based on visual interpretation skills, which can be developed by viewing and reviewing numerous soil pits and/or monolith photographs. Please remember that parent material properties are best observed in the relatively unaltered C horizon.

The table below will allow you to quickly locate specific types of parent materials shown on soil monoliths in the UBC’s collection. Please note that:

  1. there are no examples of glacio-lacustrine, eolian, loess, and volcanic types of parent material in the UBC’s collection and
  2. not all monoliths feature the parent material since it was too difficult to excavate it.

To see more examples of parent materials and associated landforms in their natural settings visit our web-based tool “Soil Formation and Parent Material” available at http://soilweb.landfood.ubc.ca/landscape/parent-material

List of transported parent materials featured in the UBC collection and associated modes of transportation and deposition

Water

Parent material type

Monolith no.

Alluvial (fluvial)

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-24

Alluvial (fluvial)

Orthic Regosol

8-01

Alluvial (fluvial)

Cumulic Regosol

8-03

Alluvial (fluvial)

Cumulic Regosol

8-05

Lacustrine

Gleyed Sombric Brunisol

1-03

Lacustrine

Orthic Melanic Brunisol

1-04

Lacustrine

Orthic Melanic Brunisol

1-07

Lacustrine

Orthic Eutric Brunisol

1-11

Lacustrine

Eluviated Eutric Brunisol

1-16

Lacustrine

Eluviated Eutric Brunisol

1-17

Lacustrine

Eluviated Eutric Brunisol

1-19

Lacustrine

Orthic Black Chernozem

2-08

Lacustrine

Orthic Dark Gray Chernozem

2-09

Lacustrine

Rego Dark Gray Chernozem

2-12

Lacustrine

Humic Luvic Gleysol

4-01

Lacustrine

Orthic Humic Gleysol

4-02

Lacustrine

Orthic Humic Gleysol

4-03

Lacustrine

Humic Luvic Gleysol

4-04

Lacustrine

Humic Luvic Gleysol

4-05

Lacustrine

Orthic Humic Gleysol

4-06

Lacustrine

Podzolic Gray Luvisol

5-01

Lacustrine

Podzolic Gray Luvisol

5-05

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-06

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-07

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-08

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-09

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-10

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-14

Lacustrine

Podzolic Gray Luvisol

5-19

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-20

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-21

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-22

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-23

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-28

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-29

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-30

Lacustrine

Orthic Dark Gray Luvisol

5-31

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-32

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-34

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-36

Lacustrine

Gleyed Gray Luvisol

5-37

Lacustrine

Gleyed Gray Luvisol

5-38

Lacustrine

Gleyed Gray Luvisol

5-39

Lacustrine

Gleyed Gray Luvisol

5-40

Lacustrine

Gleyed Gray Luvisol

5-41

Lacustrine

Gleyed Gray Luvisol

5-42

Lacustrine

Gleyed Gray Luvisol

5-43

Lacustrine

Dark Gray Luvisol

5-47

Lacustrine

Dark Gray Luvisol

5-49

Lacustrine

Dark Gray Luvisol

5-50

Lacustrine

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-52

Lacustrine

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-53

Lacustrine

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-54

Lacustrine

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-56

Lacustrine

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-57

Lacustrine

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-61

Lacustrine

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-62

Lacustrine

Terric Humisol

6-01

Lacustrine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-04

Lacustrine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-09

Lacustrine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-11

Lacustrine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-12

Lacustrine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-14

Lacustrine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-17

Lacustrine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-18

Lacustrine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-34

Lacustrine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-49

Lacustrine

Orthic Regosol

8-01

Lacustrine

Dark Gray Solod

9-02

Lacustrine

Gray Solod

9-08

Lacustrine

Gray Solod

9-10

Lacustrine

Gray Solod

9-11

Lacustrine

Gray Solod

9-12

Lacustrine

Brown Solod

9-14

Lacustrine

Brown Solod

9-15

Lacustrine

Brown Solod

9-17

Lacustrine

Black Solod

9-19

Lacustrine

Black Solonetz

9-21

Marine

Gleyed Melanic Brunisol

1-08

Marine

Orthic Eutric Brunisol

1-09

Marine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-01

Marine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-02

Marine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-03

Marine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-20

Marine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-43

Marine

Gleyed Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-52

Water and Ice

Parent material type

Monolith no.

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Sombric

1-01

Glacio-fluvial

Eluviated Sombric Brunisol

1-02

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Melanic Brunisol

1-05

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Melanic Brunisol

1-06

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Eutric Brunisol

1-15

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Dystric Brunisol

1-20

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Dark Gray Chernozem

2-10

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Dark Gray Chernozem

2-11

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-11

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-12

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-18

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-32

Glacio-fluvial

Gleyed Gray Luvisol

5-44

Glacio-fluvial

Dark Gray Luvisol

5-45

Glacio-fluvial

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-55

Glacio-fluvial

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-60

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-05

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-06

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-07

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-08

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-10

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-13

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-19

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-21

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-26

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-28

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-31

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-32

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-35

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-37

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-51

Glacio-fluvial

Gleyed Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-53

Glacio-fluvial

Gleyed Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-55

Glacio-fluvial

Orthic Regosol

8-01

Glacio-fluvial

Brown Solod

9-18

Glacio-lacustrine

None

Glacio-marine

Fera Humic Gleysol

4-07

Glacio-marine

Orthic Gray

5-26

Glacio-marine

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-38

Ice

Parent material type

Monolith no.

Till

Orthic Eutric Brunisol

1-10

Till

Orthic Eutric Brunisol

1-13

Till

Orthic Eutric Brunisol

1-14

Till

Eluviated Eutric Brunisol

1-18

Till

Orthic Dystric Brunisol

1-20

Till

Degraded Eutric Brunisol

1-21

Till

Orthic Black Chernozem

2-01

Till

Orthic Black Chernozem

2-02

Till

Orthic Black Chernozem

2-03

Till

Orthic Black Chernozem

2-05

Till

Orthic Black Chernozem

2-06

Till

Orthic Black Chernozem

2-07

Till

Eluviated Brown Chernozem

2-13

Till

Orthic Dark Brown Chernozem

2-14

Till

N/A

2-15

Till

Orthic Dark Gray Chernozem

2-16

Till

Podzolic Gray Luvisol

5-02

Till

Podzolic Gray Luvisol

5-03

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-13

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-15

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-16

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-17

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-33

Lacustrine

Orthic Gray Luvisol

5-35

Lacustrine

Dark Gray Luvisol

5-46

Lacustrine

Dark Gray Luvisol

5-48

Lacustrine

Dark Gray Luvisol

5-51

Lacustrine

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-58

Lacustrine

Brunisolic Gray Luvisol

5-59

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-05

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-06

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-15

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-16

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-22

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-23

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-25

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-27

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-30

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-33

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-36

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-39

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-40

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-41

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-42

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-44

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-45

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-46

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-48

Till

Orthic Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-50

Till

Gleyed Humo-Ferric Podzol

7-54

Till

Orthic Humic Podzol

7-56

Till

Orthic Humic Podzol

7-57

Till

Cumulic Regosol

8-04

Till

Dark Gray Solod

9-01

Till

Dark Gray Solod

9-03

Till

Gray Solod

9-05

Till

Gray Solod

9-06

Till

Gray Solod

9-07

Till

Gray Solod

9-09

Till

Dark Brown Solod

9-13

Till

Brown Solod

9-16

Till

Dark Brown (Solonetz)

9-20

Till

Orthic Black Solodized

9-22

Wind

Parent material type

 

Monolith no.

Loess

 

None

Volcanic

 

None

Eolian

 

None

Gravity

Parent material type

Monolith no.

Colluvium

Orthic Regosol

8-02

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